Lutjanus bitaeniatus

Indonesian snapper
Characteristic features:

Back and upper sides red, grading to silvery white below; all fins reddish; caudal peduncle sometimes dusky brown. Juveniles with black mid-lateral stripe; paired fins and anal fins yellowish.


Up to 40 cm TL.


Indo-West Pacific in tropical waters.


Inshore and offshore reef areas from 40 to 80 m depth.


Occurs in solitary or in small groups. Little is know about the biology or ecology of these species.

Indonesian fisheries:

Caught by trawling.

Similar species:

Lutjanus erythropterus
Crimson snapper

Lutjanus erythropterus

Lutjanus erythropterus differs in having mouth relatively small (vs. large); tongue smooth, without teeth (vs. teeth present) and caudal fin emarginate (vs. slightly emarginate or truncate).

Lutjanus malabaricus
Malabar snapper

Lutjanus malabaricus

Lutjanus malabaricus differs in having dorsal fin with 11 spines and 12 to 14 soft rays (vs. 10 spines and 13 or 14 rays); preorbital bone much broader than eye diameter (vs. narrower) and tongue smooth, without teeth (vs. teeth present).

Lutjanus timoriensis
Timor snapper

Lutjanus timorensis differs in having preorbital bone relatively narrow, slightly less than eye diameter (vs. preorbital width greater than eye diameter); posterior profile of dorsal and anal fins pointed (vs. rounded) and tongue smooth, without teeth (vs. teeth present).

Lutjanus vitta
Brownstripe snapper

Lutjanus vitta

Lutjanus vitta differs in having a vomerine tooth patch with medial posterior extension (vs. without posterior medial extension); posterior profile of dorsal and anal fins angular (vs. rounded) and a black spot absent or an oval black spot, eye sized or greater, present below last dorsal-fin spine (vs. cresentic blackish blotch in middle of caudal fin).

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