Cephalopholis argus

Peacock grouper CFF
Characteristic features:

Body and fins dark brown with numerous small dark edged blue spots; 5 or 6 pale bars on rear part of body and a pale area over chest.


Up to 60 cm TL.


Indo–West Pacific in tropical waters.


Coral reefs, from 1 to 40 m depth.

Indonesian fisheries:

Caught with hook-and-line, spear and in traps.

Similar species:

Cephalopholis cyanostigma
Bluespotted grouper

Cephalopholis cyanostigma

Cephalopholis cyanostigma differs in having 8 anal-fin rays (vs. 9); faint pale bars along whole body (vs. often having 5–6 pale bars on posterior body) and no pale area on chest (vs. a large pale area over chest).

Cephalopholis miniata
Red coral grouper

Cephalopholis miniata

Cephalopholis miniata differs in having a dark red to orange body colour, sometimes displaying 5 pale bars along body (vs. dark brown, sometimes with 5–6 pale bars on rear portion of body only and a large pale area over chest) and pale blue-grey spots without black edge (vs. blue spots with black edge).

Gracila albomarginata
Masked grouper

Gracila albomarginata feature

Gracila albomarginata differs in having a short head, its length 2.9–3.2 in standard length (vs. long, its length 2.4–2.7 times in standard length); pectoral fins slightly longer than pelvic fins (vs. distinctly longer than pelvic fins), caudal fin truncate to slightly emarginate (vs. rounded) and 3–5 blue lines, often broken into spots across the head (vs. no lines on head, only black edged blue spots).

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