Epinephelus erythrurus

Cloudy grouper
Characteristic features:

Olive to reddish brown usually with irregular pale spots and blotches that join randomly to form a dark reticulum pattern in the background; 3 dark streaks across operculum. Larger specimens may be uniformly brown, with pale spots and blotches only just visible. Markings may appear faint after death.


Up to 43 cm TL.


Indo-West Pacific in tropical waters.


Found in brachish waters over mud or silty sand bottoms such as harbours and estuaries, also reef associated, from 1 to 20 m depth.

Indonesian fisheries:


Similar species:

Epinephelus coeruleopunctatus
Whitespotted grouper

Epinephelus coeruleopunctatus

Epinephelus coeruleopunctatus differs in being brownish grey to dark grey with irregularly shaped distinct pale spots and blotches (vs. dark grey with irregular pale spots and blotches randomly joined in a maze-like pattern on head and body. Appears drab after death).

Epinephelus polystigma
White-dotted grouper

Epinephelus polystigma feature

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