Carangidae


Trevallies, queenfish, scads etc.
Characteristic features:
Keys:

Keys adapted from Smith-Vaniz, 19991.

Carangidae genera
    1. Posterior straight part of lateral line with hardened scutes (Fig. 1a); in adults, pectoral fins long and falcate, in most genera longer than head (about equal to head length in Selar, and shorter than head length in some Decapterus spp.) (Fig. 2a) 2
    2. No scutes in lateral line (only pored scales, not enlarged) (Fig. 1b); pectoral fins relatively short, shorter than head (about 50–90% of head length) (Fig. 2b) 15
    1. Pelvic fins absent in most specimens >100 mm fork length, if present positioned distinctly anterior to a vertical line through pectoral-fin base (Fig. 3a); soft anal-fin rays 35–39 Parastromateus niger
    2. Pelvic fins always present, not positioned distinctly anterior to a vertical through pectoral-fin base (Fig. 3b); soft anal-fin rays 15–31 3
    1. Scales on body minute, inconspicuous and embedded giving the impression of naked skin; in smaller fish, anterior soft rays of dorsal and anal fins filamentous (Fig. 4a) Alectis species
    2. Scales on body small but conspicuous, not embedded; in smaller fish, anterior soft rays of dorsal and anal fins not filamentous (Fig. 4b) 4
    1. Second dorsal and anal fins with 1 or more distinctly separate finlets (Fig. 5a) 5
    2. Second dorsal and anal fins without finlets (Fig. 5b) 6
    1. Single detached terminal 2-rayed finlet in dorsal and anal fins (Fig. 6a); shoulder girdle (cleithrum) margin with 2 papillae, the lower papilla larger (Fig. 7a); maximum scute height less than eye diameter (Fig. 8a) Decapterus species
    2. Posterior soft dorsal- and anal-fin rays consisting of 6–10 detached finlets (Fig. 6b); shoulder girdle margin smooth (Fig. 7b); maximum scute height larger than eye diameter (Fig. 8b) Megalaspis cordyla
    1. Shoulder girdle (cleithrum) margin with a furrow ventrally, a large papilla immediately above it and a smaller papilla near upper edge (Fig. 9a) Selar species
    2. Shoulder girdle margin smooth (Fig. 9b) 7
    1. Upper jaw without teeth 8
    2. Upper jaw with 1 or 2 rows or a band of minute teeth (teeth difficult to detect in some Carangoides spp.) 9
    1. Lower jaw with a series of minute teeth; a prominent black opercular spot encroaching on shoulder (Fig. 10a); adipose eyelid well developed posteriorly (Fig. 11a) Selar crumenophthalmus
    2. Lower jaw with a few fine teeth in specimens <100 mm fork length, absent in adults; no black opercular spot (Fig. 10b); adipose eyelid poorly developed (Fig. 11b) Gnathanodon speciosus
    1. Tongue, roof and floor of mouth white, the rest dark (Fig. 12); anal-fin spines reabsorbed or reduced and immovable (Fig. 13a); no teeth on vomer or palatines Uraspis species
    2. Lining of mouth not distinctly black and white; anal-fin spines normal and movable (Fig. 13b); teeth present on vomer and palatines 10
    1. Fleshy adipose eyelid completely covering eye except for a vertical slit centred on pupil (Fig. 14a); terminal ray of dorsal and anal fins finlet-like, a little more separated from other rays but not detached, and about twice length of penultimate ray (Fig. 15a) Atule mate
    2. Fleshy adipose eyelid, if present, not well developed anteriorly, most of anterior half of pupil exposed (Fig. 14b); terminal ray of dorsal and anal fins not finlet-like (except terminal ray length 1.5 times the length of penultimate ray in large Alepes djedeba) (Fig. 15b) 11
    1. Adipose eyelid well developed on posterior half of eye only (Fig. 16a) Alepes species
    2. Adipose eyelid absent or only moderately developed (Fig. 16b) 12
    1. Upper jaw with an outer series of moderate to strong canines and an inner band of fine teeth (Fig. 17a); lower jaw with a single row of teeth Caranx species
    2. Dentition not as above (Fig. 17b) 13
    1. Belly with a deep median groove, accommodating pelvic fins, anus, and anal-fin spines (Fig. 18); pelvic fins conspicuously long and black, tip of appressed fins extending almost to origin of anal fin (Fig. 19a); curved lateral line short, chord of curved part of lateral line 1.5–2 times in straight part (Fig. 20a) Atropus atropos
    2. Belly without median groove; pelvic fins not conspicuously long and black (Fig. 19b); curved lateral line moderate in most species, with chord of curved part of lateral line <1.5 times in straight part (Fig. 20b) 14
    1. Gill rakers long, feather-like, and project into mouth alongside tongue (Fig. 21); total gill rakers 54–86 on first gill arch; lower jaw becoming prominent in large adults, with the angle of “chin” projecting beyond upper jaw (Fig. 22a) Ulua species
    2. Gill rakers of normal length and shape; total gill rakers 21–37 on first gill arch; shape of lower jaw not as above (Fig. 22b) Carangoides species
    1. Bases of soft dorsal and anal fins unequal in length, anal-fin base shorter and only about 45–70% of dorsal-fin base length (Fig. 23a); caudal-peduncle grooves present, dorsally and ventrally (Fig. 24a) 16
    2. Base of soft anal fin as long as, or only slightly shorter than, base of dorsal fin (Fig. 23b); no caudal-peduncle grooves (Fig. 24b) 19
    1. Terminal 2-rayed finlet present in dorsal and anal fins (Fig. 25a); upper jaw ending distinctly before eye (to below anterior margin of eye in young) (Fig. 26a) Elagatis bipinnulata
    2. No finlets in dorsal and anal fins (Fig. 25b); upper jaw ending below anterior margin of eye to posterior margin of eye (Fig. 26b) 17
    1. Upper jaw broadly rounded posteriorly and usually terminating below posterior margin of eye (Fig. 27a); gill rakers on first gill arch mostly consisting of rudiments, 4–10 total elements Seriolina nigrofasciata
    2. Upper jaw truncate or slightly rounded posteriorly and terminating below about anterior margin of eye to middle of eye (Fig. 27b); gill rakers on first gill arch mostly well developed, 11–29 total elements 18
    1. First dorsal fin with 4 or 5 spines; soft anal-fin rays 15–17; fleshy keel laterally on caudal peduncle well developed (Fig. 28a) Naucrates ductor
    2. First dorsal fin with 7 or 8 spines (anterior spines may become completely embedded in large individuals); soft anal-fin rays 18–22; fleshy keel on caudal peduncle absent (Fig. 28b) Seriola species
    1. Posterior soft dorsal- and anal-fin rays consisting of semi-detached finlets (Fig. 29a) Scomberoides species
    2. Posterior soft dorsal- and anal-fin rays not consisting of semi-detached finlets (Fig. 29b) Trachinotus species
Alectis species
    1. Profile of nape and head broadly rounded (Fig. 1a); suborbital depth relatively narrow, contained 1.7–3 times in upper jaw length (Fig. 2a); gill rakers on lower limb of first arch (excluding rudiments) 12–17 Alectis ciliaris
    2. Profile of nape and head somewhat angular (Fig. 1b); suborbital depth relatively broad, contained 0.8–1 times in upper jaw length (Fig. 2b); gill rakers on lower limb of first arch (excluding rudiments) 21–26 Alectis indica
Alepes species
    1. Upper jaw anteriorly with 2 irregular rows of short conical teeth, posteriorly inner surface of jaw paved with blunt teeth (Fig. 1a) Alepes kleinii
    2. Both jaws with a single row of numerous, comb-like teeth 2
    1. Interradial membranes of spinous dorsal fin black (Fig. 2a); total gill rakers 24–30 on first arch Alepes melanoptera
    2. Interradial membranes of spinous dorsal fin transparent to dusky (Fig. 2b); total gill rakers 32–47 on first arch 3
    1. Total gill rakers on first gill arch 38–47 (10–14 on upper limb, and 27–33 on lower limb); lateral line with 31–36 scales and 39–51 scutes (total 77–85); scutes larger (Fig. 3a); ultimate ray of dorsal and anal fins about 1.3–1.5 times the length of penultimate ray (Fig. 4a) Alepes djedaba
    2. Total gill rakers on first gill arch 32–38 (9–12 on upper limb, and 23–26 on lower limb; lateral line with 42–50 scales, 48–69 scutes (total 86–119); scutes smaller (Fig. 3b); ultimate and penultimate rays of dorsal and anal fins of equal length (Fig. 4b) Alepes vari
Carangoides species
    1. Breast completely scaly or with a small, median naked area ventrally, scarcely if at all visible in lateral view (Fig. 1a) 2
    2. Breast partially to completely naked (Fig. 1b) 4
    1. Second dorsal fin with a conspicuous black blotch or submarginal band (Fig. 2a); vomerine tooth patch anchor-shaped, with a long median posterior extension (Fig. 3a) Carangoides praeustus
    2. Second dorsal fin without a conspicuous black blotch or submarginal band (Fig. 2b); vomerine tooth patch without a distinct median posterior extension (Fig. 3b) 3
    1. Soft anal-fin rays 18–20; posterior margin of preopercle outlined in black, at least in adults (Fig. 4a); scutes 11–18 Carangoides plagiotaenia
    2. Soft anal-fin rays 21–24; posterior margin of preopercle not black (Fig. 4b); scutes 20–30 Carangoides bajad
    1. Naked area of breast separated from naked base of pectoral fins by a broad band of scales (Fig. 5a) 5
    2. Naked area of breast uninterrupted to naked base of pectoral fins (Fig. 5b) 11
    1. Second dorsal fin with a conspicuous black blotch anteriorly; vomerine tooth patch anchor-shaped, with a long median posterior extension (Fig. 6a) Carangoides praeustus
    2. Second dorsal fin without a conspicuous black blotch; vomerine tooth patch without a distinct posterior extension (Fig. 6b) 6
    1. Soft dorsal-fin rays 25–34; soft anal-fin rays 21–26 7
    2. Soft dorsal-fin rays 17–23; soft anal-fin rays 15–19 9
    1. Naked area of breast extends posteroventrally well beyond origin of pelvic fins (Fig. 7a) Carangoides fulvoguttatus
    2. Naked area of breast does not extend posteroventrally beyond origin of pelvic fins (Fig. 7b) 8
    1. Usually 5 or 6 distinct dusky bands on sides of adults and yellow or orange spots on sides, if present, small, numerous and mostly above lateral line; lips not papillose in adults Carangoides ferdau
    2. Dark bands usually absent on sides of adults and several relatively large, oblong yellow spots with dark centres present mostly below lateral line; lips finely papillose in adults (Fig. 8) Carangoides orthogrammus
    1. Straight part of lateral line slightly longer than curved part (Fig. 9a); scutes 37–45 Carangoides oblongus
    2. Straight part of lateral line slightly shorter than curved part (Fig. 9b); scutes 16–38 10
    1. No small dark blotches on dorsum between bases of dorsal-fin rays (Fig. 10a) Carangoides coeruleopinnatus
    2. Small dark blotches (becoming larger posteriorly) on dorsum between bases of dorsal-fin rays (Fig. 10b) Carangoides dinema
    1. Soft dorsaI-fin rays 25–32 (rarely 25) 12
    2. Soft dorsal-fin rays 17–23 13
    1. Profile of snout angular (Fig. 11a) and, in specimens >300 mm fork length, horizontal line from tip of snout distinctly below level of eye; soft anal-fin rays 21–26 (rarely 25 or 26); total gill rakers on first gill arch (including rudiments) 22–27 (6–8 on upper limb, and 17–21 on lower limb) Carangoides fulvoguttatus
    2. Profile of snout moderately rounded (Fig. 11b) and, in specimens >300 mm fork length, horizontal line from tip of snout at or through level of eye; soft anal-fin rays 24–26 (usually 25); total gill rakers on first gill arch (including rudiments) 27–31 (7–9 on upper limb, and 19–22 on lower limb) Carangoides gymnostethus
    1. Small area naked of scales anteriorly just above pectoral-fin base (Fig. 12a) 14
    2. Area anteriorly just above pectoral-fin base completely scaly (Fig. 12b) 15
    1. Total gill rakers on first gill arch (including rudiments) 32–38 (8–12 on upper limb, and 21–27 on lower limb); tongue greyish brown to brown Carangoides malabaricus
    2. Total gill rakers on first gill arch (including rudiments) 27–31 (6–9 on upper limb, and 19–22 on lower limb); tongue white to pale grey (Fig. 13) Carangoides talamparoides
    1. Small dark blotches (becoming larger posteriorly) on back between bases of dorsal-fin rays; naked area of breast typically does not extend posteroventrally beyond origin of pelvic fins (Fig. 14a); soft dorsal-fin rays 17–19 Carangoides dinema
    2. Colour pattern not as above; naked area of breast extends posteroventrally well beyond origin of pelvic fins (Fig. 14b); soft dorsal-fin rays 18–23 16
    1. Total gill rakers on first gill arch (including rudiments) 31–37 Carangoides armatus
    2. Total gill rakers on first gill arch (including rudiments) 20–27 17
    1. Adults with a steep dorsal head profile, and with a distinct break (“bump”) in profile in the interorbital region (Fig. 15a); 3–8 (usually 5–7) of central soft rays of dorsal and anal fins elongated in adult males (>170 mm fork length); eye diameter about equal to, or larger than snout length (Fig. 16a) Carangoides hedlandensis
    2. Dorsal head profile not as steep in adults, and no distinct break (“bump”) in profile in the interorbital region (Fig. 15b); central soft rays of dorsal and anal fins not elongated in adult males; eye diameter slightly to much smaller than snout length (Fig. 16b) 18
    1. Dorsal profile of snout gently sloped, then abruptly vertical just above mouth cleft (Fig. 17a); soft dorsal-fin rays 18–20; soft anal-fin rays 15–17 Carangoides chrysophrys
    2. Dorsal profile of snout not as above (Fig. 17b); soft dorsal-fin rays 20–23 (usually 22 or 23); soft anal-fin rays 16–20 (usually 18 or 19) Carangoides coeruleopinnatus
Caranx species
    1. Breast completely scaly (Fig. 1a) 2
    2. Breast naked ventrally, frequently with small patch of prepelvic scales (Fig. 1b) 6
    1. Body coloration essentially uniform grey to brown; lobe of dorsal fin relatively long, 2.3–5.3 times in fork length (Fig. 2a); profile of head relatively steep and angular (Fig. 3a) Caranx lugubris
    2. Body coloration not as above; lobe of dorsal fin contained 4.2–8.8 times in fork length (Fig. 2b); profile of head not noticeably steep and angular (Fig. 3b) 3
    1. Small black spots scattered on head and body (forming at ~160–220 mm fork length) (Fig. 4a); snout length 9.2–12.7 times in fork length (Fig. 5a); total gill rakers on first gill arch (including rudiments) 25–29 (usually 26 or 27), and total soft dorsal- and anal-fin rays 39–44 Caranx melampygus
    2. No small black spots scattered on head and body (Fig. 4b); snout length contained 13.1–18.4 times in fork length (Fig. 5b); total gill rakers on first gill arch (including rudiments) 22–25 (except 24–27 in C. heberi which has 34–38 total soft dorsal- and anal-fin rays) 4
    1. No small black spot present on upper margin of opercle (Fig. 6a); upper lobe of caudal fin frequently with distal half noticeably dark or black, especially in juveniles (Fig. 7a) Caranx heberi
    2. A small, black spot present on upper margin of opercle (Fig. 6b); upper lobe of caudal fin usually uniformly pigmented (Fig. 7b) 5
    1. In adults, dorsal-fin lobe without white tip (Fig. 8a); dorsal profile of head strongly convex and a black spot on upper margin of opercle, in adults, at least ½ the diameter of pupil (Fig. 9a) Caranx tille
    2. In adults, dorsal-fin lobe with white tip (Fig. 8b); dorsal profile of head moderately convex and black spot on upper margin of opercle, its size in adults no larger than twice the diameter of pupil (Fig. 9b) Caranx sexfasciatus
    1. Naked area of breast uninterrupted to naked base of pectoral fins (Fig. 10a); curved part of lateral line short, chord of curved part 2.5–3.3 times in straight part (Fig. 11a); scutes larger (Fig. 12a) Caranx bucculentus
    2. Naked area of breast separated from naked base of pectoral fins by a broad band of scales (Fig. 10b); curved part of lateral line moderate, with chord of curved part contained less than 1.5 times in straight part (Fig. 11b); scutes smaller (Fig. 12b) 7
    1. Total gill rakers on first gill arch (including rudiments) 20–24; body silvery to black; in specimens >150 mm fork length, body depth 2.5–3.2 times in fork length (Fig. 13a) Caranx ignobilis
    2. Total gill rakers on first gill arch (including rudiments) 23–30 (rarely 23); body bronze to yellow-green; in specimens >150 mm fork length, body depth 2.7–3.8 times in fork length (Fig. 13b) 8
    1. Total soft dorsal- and anal-fin rays 34–38 (rarely 38); upper lobe of caudal fin frequently with distal half noticeably dark or black (especially in juveniles), and posterior margin of lower lobe without a narrow white border (Fig. 14a); no pale spot on shoulder just behind posterodorsal margin of opercle (Fig. 15a); adults without small black spots (Fig. 16a) Caranx heberi
    2. Total soft dorsal- and anal-fin rays 37–41 (rarely 37); upper lobe of caudal fin usually uniformly pigmented, and posterior margin of lower lobe with a narrow white border (Fig. 14b); in life a conspicuous pale spot, approximately the diameter of pupil, on shoulder just behind posterodorsal margin of opercle (Fig. 15b); adults with small black spots on body above lateral line (forming at ~250 mm fork length) (Fig. 16b) Caranx papuensis
Decapterus species
    1. Posterior end of upper jaw concave above, rounded and produced below (Fig. 1a); straight part of lateral line with 14–29 scales (Fig. 2a) Decapterus macrosoma
    2. Posterior end of upper jaw straight above, straight to slightly concave below (Fig. 1b); straight part of lateral line with 0–15 scales (except 18–39 scales in D. macarellus) (Fig. 2b) 2
    1. Posterior end of upper jaw noticeably slanted anteroventrally; straight part of lateral line with 18–39 scales and 24–40 scutes (total 52–67) (Fig. 3a); pectoral fins usually shorter in adults, 58–72% head length (Fig. 4a); oral valve (membrane) at symphysis of upper jaw conspicuously white Decapterus macarellus
    2. Posterior end of upper jaw not as noticeably slanted anteroventrally; straight part of lateral line with 0–10 scales and 30–40 scutes (total 30–49) (Fig. 3b); pectoral fins usually longer in adults, 71–105% head length (except 62–83% in D. tabl) (Fig. 4b); oral valve (membrane) at symphysis of upper jaw dusky or transparent 3
    1. Scutes relatively small; curved part of lateral line with 61–73 scales; straight part of lateral line with 4–12 anterior scales; total lateral-line scales and scutes (excluding scales on caudal fin) 103–118 (Fig. 5a); caudal fin red Decapterus tabl
    2. Scutes relatively large; curved part of lateral line with 42–62 scales; straight part of lateral line with 0–4 anterior scales; total lateral-line scales and scutes (excluding scales on caudal fin) 77–102 (Fig. 5b); caudal fin dusky or red 4
    1. Caudal fin hyaline to dusky (Fig. 6a); gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch usually 32–39; soft anal-fin rays (including finlet) 25–29 (rarely 25); eye usually smaller Decapterus russelli
    2. Caudal fin red (Fig. 6b); gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch usually 26–32; soft anal-fin rays (including finlet) 22–26 (rarely 26); eye usually larger Decapterus kurroides
Scomberoides species
    1. Total gill rakers on first gill arch 8–15; scales on midbody below lateral line broadly oblong or blunty lanceolate (Fig. 1a); lobe of dorsal fin uniformly pigmented (Fig. 2a) 2
    2. Total gill rakers on first gill arch 21–27; scales on midbody below lateral line sharply lanceolate or needle-like (Fig. 1b); distal half of dorsal-fin lobe abruptly and heavily pigmented (Fig. 2b) 3
    1. Upper jaw extends well beyond posterior margin of eye, especially in adults (Fig. 3a); in adults, teeth of inner and outer rows in lower jaw subequal in size (Fig. 4a); large oval blotches above or touching lateral line (Fig. 5a) Scomberoides commersonnianus
    2. Upper jaw extends slightly beyond posterior margin of eye (Fig. 3b); in adults, inner row of teeth in lower jaw distinctly larger than those in outer row (Fig. 4b); vertically elongate blotches intersecting lateral line (Fig. 5b) Scomberoides tala
    1. Scales on mid-body below lateral line sharply lanceolate (Fig. 6a); in adults, upper jaw extends to or slightly beyond posterior margin of eye (Fig. 7a); a double series of 6–8 dusky, roundish blotches above and below lateral line, occasionally connected by narrow isthmus (Fig. 8a) Scomberoides lysan
    2. Scales on mid-body below lateral line slender, needle-like (Fig. 6b); in adults, upper jaw does not extend to posterior margin of eye (Fig. 7b); oval or vertically oblong dark blotches, the first 4 or 5 intersecting lateral line (Fig. 8b) Scomberoides tol
Selar species
    1. Curved part of lateral line with 48–56 scales; curved part of lateral line moderate, with chord of curved part contained 0.7–1.2 times in straight part (Fig 1a); scutes smaller (Fig. 2a) Selar crumenophthalmus
    2. Curved part of lateral line with 21–24 scales; curved part of lateral line short, chord of curved part contained 2.1–3 times in straight part (Fig. 1b); scutes larger (Fig. 2b) Selar boops
Seriola species
    1. In adults, length of dorsal-fin lobe about 1.3–1.6 times longer than pectoral fins (Fig. 1a) and 18–22% of fork length; in specimens >200 mm fork length, total gill rakers on first gill arch (excluding rudiments) 22–26 Seriola rivoliana
    2. In adults, length of dorsal-fin lobe about equal to, or slightly longer than pectoral fins (Fig. 1b) and 13–18% of fork length; in specimens >200 mm fork length, total gill rakers on first gill arch (excluding rudiments) 11–19 Seriola dumerili
Trachinotus species
    1. 1–7 spots in a longitudinal row on or near lateral line (spots absent on specimens <10–13 cm fork length) (Fig 1a); soft dorsal-fin rays 21–25 2
    2. No spots in a longitudinal row on or near lateral line (Fig. 1b); soft dorsal-fin rays 18–23 3
    1. In adults, all spots equal to, or smaller than eye diameter (Fig. 2a); gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch (including rudiments) 15–19; vomerine tooth patch chevron-shaped (Fig. 3a) Trachinotus baillonii
    2. In adults, anterior 2 spots larger than eye diameter and at least two-thirds of spot above lateral line (Fig. 2b); gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch (including rudiments) 11–15; vomerine tooth patch oval or narrowly triangular (Fig. 3b) Trachinotus botla
    1. Soft dorsal- and anal-fin rays 21–23 and 19–21, respectively; body often with a black oval-shaped blotch in axillary base under pectoral fins Trachinotus africanus
    2. Soft dorsal- and anal-fin rays 18–20 and 16–18, respectively; body uniformly pigmented in axillary base under pectoral fins Trachinotus blochii
Ulua species
    1. Total gill rakers on first gill arch 54–61 (16–21 on upper limb, and 37–41 on lower limb); tongue with central band of villiform teeth; in specimens <150 mm fork length, first anal-fin ray produced but not filamentous, not extending beyond caudal peduncle (Fig. 1) Ulua aurochs
    2. Total gill rakers on first gill arch 74–86 (23–27 on upper limb, and 51–61 on lower limb); tongue without central band of villiform teeth; in specimens <150 mm fork length, first anal-fin ray filamentous, extending beyond caudal peduncle Ulua mentalis
Uraspis species
    1. Naked area of breast extends uninterrupted to naked base of pectoral fins (Fig. 1a); scales in curved part of lateral line 61–82 (Fig. 2a) Uraspis uraspis
    2. Naked area of breast separated from naked base of pectoral fins by a broad band of scales (Fig. 1b); scales in curved part of lateral line 48–66 (Fig. 2b) Uraspis secunda
Species:
Alectis ciliaris Threadfin trevally
Alectis indica Indian threadfin
Alepes vari Herring scad
Atropus atropos Cleftbelly trevally
Atule mate Yellowtail scad
Carangoides armatus Longfin trevally
Carangoides bajad Orangespotted trevally
Carangoides dinema Shadow trevally
Carangoides fulvoguttatus Yellowspotted trevally
Carangoides oblongus Coachwhip trevally
Carangoides praeustus Brownback trevally
Caranx bucculentus Bluespotted trevally
Caranx heberi Blacktip trevally
Caranx ignobilis Giant trevally
Caranx melampygus Bluefin trevally
Caranx papuensis Brassy trevally
Caranx sexfasciatus Bigeye trevally
Caranx tille Tille trevally
Decapterus tabl Roughear scad
Scomberoides lysan Doublespotted queenfish
Scomberoides tala Barred queenfish
Scomberoides tol Needleskin queenfish
Selar boops Oxeye Scad
Selaroides leptolepis Yellowstripe scad
Seriola dumerili Greater amberjack
Seriola rivoliana Highfin amberjack
Seriolina nigrofasciata Blackbanded amberjack
Trachinotus africanus Southern Pompano
Trachinotus baillonii Smallspotted dart
Trachinotus botla Largespotted dart
Ulua aurochs Silvermouth trevally
Ulua mentalis Longrakered trevally
Uraspis secunda Cottonmouth trevally
Uraspis uraspis Whitemouth trevally
References:
  1. Smith-Vaniz, W.F. Carangidae in: Carpenter, K, Niem, V. Species identification guide for fisheries purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). Rome: FAO; 1999;4.