Epinephelus cyanopodus

Speckled grouper EPY
Characteristic features:

Adults pale bluish grey with numerous irregular black spots and streaks (mostly small).


Up to 100 cm TL.


West Pacific in tropical waters.


Coral reefs, from 2 to 150 m depth.

Indonesian fisheries:

Caught with hook-and-line, traps, trawls, and lift nets.

Similar species:

Epinephelus undulosus
Wavylined grouper

Epinephelus undulosus

Epinephelus undulosus differs in having anterior and posterior nostrils subequal in size (vs. posterior nostrils 2–3 times larger than anterior nostrils); dorsal fin membranes not, or only slightly incised (vs. deeply incised) and body covered in close-set brown-orange or reddish brown longitudinal stripes, sometimes breaking into series of spots (vs. body pale bluish grey with black dots and irregular larger black spots).

Epinephelus multinotatus
White-blotched grouper

Epinephelus multinotatus

Epinephelus multinotatus differs in having irregular whitish blotches (vs. numerous blackish dots).

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