Epinephelus areolatus

Areolate grouper EPR
Characteristic features:

Entirely covered with close-set yellowish brown spots (about size of pupil of eye), caudal fin uniformly spotted.


Up to 40 cm TL.


Indo–West Pacific in tropical waters.


Soft bottoms near reefs, from 6 to 200 m depth.

Indonesian fisheries:

Caught with hook-and-line, traps, and in trawls.

Similar species:

Epinephelus bleekeri
Bleeker’s grouper

Epinephelus bleekeri

Epinephelus bleekeri differs in having the lower 2 thirds of caudal fin dusky (vs. caudal fin uniformly spotted); pectoral and pelvic fins dusky (vs. with dark spots) and caudal-fin posterior edge without white margin (vs. white margin present).

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