Epinephelus amblycephalus

Banded grouper EFY
Characteristic features:

Head pale to pale brown with 2 oblique dark bars from eye and a dark brown saddle on nape; body pale brown to whitish with 5 dark brown bars along body usually edged with small black dots; fins plain with a yellowish tinge.


Up to 50 cm TL.


Indo–West Pacific in tropical waters.


Deep coral reefs, from 80 to 130 m depth.

Indonesian fisheries:

Caught with hand lines.

Similar species:

Epinephelus sexfasciatus
Sixbar grouper

Epinephelus sexfasciatus

Epinephelus sexfasciatus differs in having distinct dark spots on posterior of dorsal fin, anal-fin lobe and caudal fin (vs. no distinct dark spots on these fins).

Epinephelus rivulatus
Halfmoon grouper

Epinephelus rivulatus

Epinephelus rivulatus differs in having dark brown bars with irregular edges and varying widths (vs. smooth-edged dark brown bars of uniform width) and pectoral-fin base with dark red or reddish-brown blotch (vs. pectoral fins uniform hyaline red or yellow, without blotch at base); juveniles may have numerous small black spots on pectoral fins).

Epinephelus kupangensis
Kupang grouper

Epinephelus kupangensis

Epinephelus kupangensis differs in having no saddle on nape (vs. a dark saddle on the nape created by a bifurcation of the pale interspace resulting in a distinct “U” or “V”); black spots on the dark bars (vs. small black dots); orange to black maxillary streak (vs. yellow) and fins brown (vs. with a yellowish tinge).



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