Epinephelus coioides

Orangespotted grouper ENI
Characteristic features:

Head and body pale mottled brown with many small orange–brown spots, most fins similarly spotted, body with 5 faint oblique dark bars.


Up to 95 cm TL.


Indo–West Pacific in subtropical waters.


Estuaries and offshore, from 1 to 100 m depth.

Indonesian fisheries:

Caught with hook-and-line, traps, trawls, and lift nets.

Similar species:

Epinephelus areolatus
Areolate grouper

Epinephelus areolatus

Epinephelus areolatus differs in having caudal fin truncate to slightly emarginate (vs. rounded); no vertical dark bars (vs. irregular dark bars sometimes present) and caudal-fin posterior margin white (vs. no white margin).

Epinephelus bleekeri
Bleeker’s grouper

Epinephelus bleekeri

Epinephelus bleekeri differs in having the lower two thirds of caudal fin dusky (vs. caudal fin uniformly tan with numerous small brownish orange or reddish brown spots).

Epinephelus sexfasciatus
Sixbar grouper

Epinephelus sexfasciatus

Epinephelus sexfasciatus differs in having 5 dark brown bars on body sometimes with black and pale spots or blotches present (vs. 5 dark bars that each bifurcate ventrally).

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